1881 Healing Fountain
L.J. Kalklosch – Healing Fountain – 1879-81
(German pronunciation is Kirkless)
(Incomplete transcription – covers pp 1- 45  
Gratitude extended to the Eureka Springs Museum for its jpg files which were transcribed herein

Chapter I.
Discovery and General Aspect of the Country

     For ages has a traditional history of the “World of Healing Spring” caused the more credulous of the human family to cast their eyes in the direction whence the good news came, and to long for a star to direct their steps to this “Fountain of Youth,” in order to enable them to apply it to their decaying bodies, and to escaped the tortures of disease.  But few, comparatively, knew of the existing legends, and of those but few gave credence to the stories.  Judge Saunders heard of the Spring many years ago, as did many others, but cared little, and possibly believed less, until he became old and infirm, and found himself within a few miles of the Spring.


     The following day he visited Dr. Jackson, who conducted him to the Spring.  Upon seeing the basins, he at once decided that it was the long-sought-for fountain, and that he would test its virtues on his own person.  He speaks for himself, as follows:
     “In five weeks I lost thirty-three pounds in weight, and forty-odd pounds during my stay, but felt that I had been thoroughly renovated or made new, and was as active then and now as I ever was in my life.  I will also add that from the frequent bathing of my head in its waters, and the improved condition of my health, portions of my hair changed from a yellowish white to black, its original color.  The color of the hair than grown was not changed, but a new crop grew out from the scalp, of the color of my hair in my younger days.”
     Though Judge Saunders’ cure is the first recorded, and he is the first man convinced of the truthfulness of the long-existent traditions concerning the “Fountain of youth,” he was not the first discoverer, nor the first to receive benefit from the use of the water.
     Dr. Alvah Jackson, while hunting in 1856, was fortunately brought near the Spring by his dogs having driven a panther into a cave in that vicinity.  The dogs followed the panther into the cave, where a desperate fight ensued.  The panther was finally compelled to succumb to the dogs, two of which dragged his dead body after them as they took their departure from the battle ground, and left him in the entrance of the cave, so closing it that the third dog was unable to escape.
     Dr. Jackson not being able to liberate his dog, returned on the following day, bringing one of his sons and a few of the neighbors to assist in removing some rock and to free the dog from imprisonment.
     But a few rods from the cave was the sparkling stream of healing water coursing its way over the rock and through the fallen leaves, and Dr. Jackson insisted that his son, who was badly afflicted with sore eyes, go to the Spring and bathe his eyes.  The son bathed several times in these crystal waters, and soon found his eyes improving.  He continued the use of the water, and in a short time they were entirely well.
     It seems that Dr. Jackson was not much impressed with the water, or took no pains to let the world know of his discovery.  Like the discovery of America by Columbus, after it had in reality been discovered before, so with these noted Springs, the world was not profited, thereby until Judge Saunders mad the discovery and revealed the same to the world.  Our conclusion is, that Dr. Jackson did not think of the greatness of these Springs, or he had some selfish motives in view.  The former is the most probable, though it is said that he had for years used the water successfully as “eye-water”in his practice.
     The venerable doctor took his departure soon after the discovery of the Spring by Judge Saunders, and as he was a man noted for his veracity, we believe all he has said relative to his first discovery, though the world was none the wiser by it for many years, he was finally instrumental in bringing it to the notice of the public.
     When the discovery was a certainty, the virtue of the water beyond dispute, and a village was springing up, some suggested that it be named Jackson Spring; others that it be named Saunders; Spring; but a Mr. McCoy who had no doubt read of the discovery of Archimedes, said to name it Eureka — “I have found it.”  This was agreed upon, and the young mountain queen was christened “Eureka Springs,” on July 4th, 1879.
     The location of the famous city is in Carroll County, on the headwaters of Leatherwood Creek, a tributary to White River, and about nine miles from the Missouri line.  Arkansas is very much variegated.  It has large and beautiful rivers, broad and productive valleys, rolling pasture lands, hills, some of them culminating in mountains of considerable height, and decked with beautiful evergreen trees; valleys, rich in products common in this latitude, and rivers filled with clear, sparkling water, abounding in multitudes of fish of various kinds.  There are many small streams, fed by unfailing springs, making their swift passage over the pebbles as constant as the motion of the earth.

The Country Surrounding the Springs
is indeed very peculiar.  The lofty pine trees tower one above the other, each seemingly doing its best to appear in greater splendor han his neighbor a few feet lower, only because he stands on higher ground.  By climbing to the summit of the highest hills, the admirer of nature can behold the most beautiful scenery of the surrounding country, the form of the surface being visible from the tops and waving boughs of the evergreen trees, showing ridges, coves, canyons, or gulches, from the uniform growth of the timber always corresponding to the ground beneath.  On a windy day, the green hills may be seen shaking and bowing, as it were, in obeisance to the Great Hand that created them.

The Surface
of the ground has many indications of having been at some age exposed to volcanic action and great disturbances by earthquakes.  The ground is covered with a kind of flinty gravel of nearly all imaginable shapes, and many of these are covered with beautiful crystals, presenting a most beautiful appearance.
     In general appearance, this seems to be a mineral region, and the land is of a mineral character.  Much has been said concerning the mineral wealth of this vast country and the great amount of mineral already developed; but the experienced, miner and the learned geologist unite on the opinion that mineral does not exist here is paying quantities; hence the rich mines of copper, zinc, and lead, with the tracings of silver and other precious metals, mentioned by some of the writers on Eureka Springs, is very much questioned.  There is, however, some float mineral of various kinds in all the hills of Arkansas.
     There is also a limestone which, owing to the heat to which it has been exposed, presents the appearance of marble and granite, and by many supposed to be such.

The Climate
     It seems that the Almighty Power, in the divine economy of nature, has made all things conducive to the best interests of man.  When He was pleased to give a magic healing power to a fountain of water, for the benefit of afflicted humanity, He selected a point where the frigid winds of the North and the scorching sun of the South are unfelt; where the mountain breezes, passing over hills and forests, comes impregnated with the life-giving oxygen, and where the days in all seasons can be spent in healthful exercise, and the nights in calm, refreshing sleep.  
     As the altitude of the hills varies from 1,100 to 1,900 feet above sea-level, the broken forests extend for many miles around, the rivers are filled with limpid crystal water, and stagnant lakes or pools are unknown, all common causes of malaria are removed, and the country is free from the doleful effects of miasmatic poisoning so common in the swamps and lowlands of many other regions.  The pure air, in connection with the healing, purifying effect of the water, produces a most happy rresult, as my be seen in the countenances of those whose sufferings have been alleviated.

The Winters
are very mild, and last but a few months.  Snow does not often fall to the depth of even a few inches, and then it is transient.  December and January are generally the winter months, and frequently, they pass without much blustering.  It is true there are a few exceptions.
     The winter of 1880-81 was a remarkably cold one, even in the “Sunny South.”  Old settlers say they “never say the like.”  The writer saw several winters in Ohio even much milder than this was in Arkansas.  But it was an exception, and another such visitation may not come for century hence.

The Summers
are more pleasant than in higher latitudes.  The sun has more power, but it is not felt.  The pure zephyrs seem to carry away the excessive heat of the sun.  The nights, instead of being oppressive, as in higher latitudes, are cool and refreshing, giving all nature rest.  Sleep, even in the hottest season, is undisturbed by heat, and people arouse from their slumbers at break of day felling “joy at their own sprightliness.”
     The climate is well adapted to the culture of fruit.  Apples, peaches, pears, plums, cherries, and all fruits that grow in this latitude, are raised in abundance.  An entire failure of fruit is not often known; and people never want for vegetables or breadstuffs.  So, taking all in consideration, even man, with all his wisdom, could not have selected a better location for the new Eldorado or the “World-Healing Fountain.”

Chapter II
The City in Embryo

     Little did Judge Saunders think in May, 1879, when he went with his wife and son to camp in the wilderness, that ever a city, possibly the first in the State, should spring up and in so short a time.
     After his cure was an established fact, the news spread, passing from tongue to tongue, and other afflicted mortals, hearing tghe good news, at once turned their eyes and their footsteps in the direction of the star of gladness.  The news spread like wildfire.  Poor afflicted mortals were soon seen pouring in from all directions.  Many hearing of the wonder, went to see, as did the Queen of Sheba, whether what they heard was true; and they could exclaim with her, that
“The Half had not been Told!”
Others, with an eye to speculation, soon found their way “through the woods” to the modern Siloam, so that by the 4th of July, there were about four hundred people assembled in the gulch at the Spring to celebrate the National Holiday.
     The writer resided at Harrison, Boone county, Arkansas, forty-five miles east, and heard all the reports that went abroad, but believed it all to be a kind of excitement that would abate on the coming of winter frost.  He had not thought enough of it “to go and see,” as did many of his fellow-townsmen, who invariably reported favorably.
     About the 1st of July, 1879,
     Judge Saunders erected the first “Shanty,”
for the better comfort of his family.  Some people now ventured the opinion that a village would grow up here, but no one was silly enough to predict a city of tens of thousands. Even a year later, the absurdity of building a city in such a place, with no inducement but the water, was talked of by many.
     Judge Saunders’ shanty was soon followed by another and another, until O.D. Thornton started a grocery, and a Mrs. King, of Missouri, established a boarding-house, with a capacity to accommodate five or six boarders.
     These were important acquisitions to the young town.  Soon, Montgomery Bros. followed with a stock of merchandise; and other boarding-houses were built to keep pace with the demand of the swelling tide of visitors.  That Eureka Springs was going to be a town but few longer doubted.  Even some of the surrounding villages grew jealous of the young queen because of her rapid growth.

Post Office and First Council

     People were leaving friends and loved ones at home to visit the great watering-place in the wilderness; and when there they found no way of communication excepting by private carriers, so that there arose a petition for a post-office.  Arrangements were soon made and Dr. McCarthy was appointed postmaster. By this time people began to feel at home.  They now had groceries and provisions, dry goods, boarding houses, a post-office, a quack doctor, and a village of almost thirty houses and numerous tents, with a population of about 500 souls.
     Up to this time, there had been no regulations to govern anything.  Sociability and universal good feeling prevailed among the “squatters.”  Invalids came, grew convalescent, and were cured, under the observing eyes of hundreds of spectators, proving the virtue of the water to a certainty to the cure of human infirmities, and making the prospect for a permanent watering-place more and more favorable.
     Thinking minds finally saw the importance of taking steps to regulate matters for a town.  All improvements thus far were made without regard to roads, streets, size, or shape of lots, and with but little idea of future ownership or value of property.
     Until the town could be incorporated,
The People Elected a Council,
or committee, to regulate affairs, and before which all matters of dispute were brought for adjustment.  The committee appointed a Town Surveyor, and gave instructions to survey the town, making lots 40 x 40 feet, streets 30 feet wide, and 80 feet or two lots between streets.
     Reservations were made around the principal Springs, on which no one was permitted to build or place an improvement of any kind without permission of the committee.  As it was government land, all a person needed, to become a freeholder, was to pay a fee of one dollar to the surveyor, take a receipt for payment, have his name registered in a private book kept by the Surveyor’s clerk, and he became a proprietor of one lot.
     The above receipt was generally recognized as sufficient guaranty against all other claimants to the same lot.  In order to avoid speculation on lots, the committee passed a resolution that no party shall “take” more than two lots, and if not improved in a limited time, any one may be at liberty to “jump,” “confiscate,” or appropriate the forfeited lot to himself.  Hence, no one could hold a lot without an improvement.
     The Surveyor was always followed by parties ready to pay the fee and “register” the lots, so that it proved quiet a bonanza for him, especially when we recollect that he frequently “received payment” and gave receipts for the same lot from one to three times.  
     Owing to several claimants on the same lots, frequent disputes arose, and the Surveyor thought he knew of a healthier clime for him than Eureka Springs, but not until he had reaped a rich harvest .  At the limit allowed by the committee for the improvement of lots, “jumping” was very frequent.  Possession was then a sufficient guaranty of ownership.  The invincible council had many disputes to settle relative to the ownership of lots, and an appeal from their decision was never known.

The Fall and Winter of 1879-80

     In the midst of all the agitation during the summer, brought about by the remedial properties of the water and the many cures effected, a few individuals decided to go into a wholesale speculation; so, in the latter part of August, those Missouri speculators went to the Land Office at Harrison, and located homestead claims on the land.
     This did not retard the progress of the young town, as the people regarded these “farmers” as imposters, and felt secure against all title they might be able to procure for their “farms.”
     Mr. T. Jackson, a son of Dr. Jackson, erected a small bath-house below the Spring, erected a storehouse, and brought the third stock of goods to the Springs.
     The town could now boast of three stores, one regular boarding house, a post-office, a bath-house, and a quack doctor of great pretensions.

     A demand for hotels increased very rapidly, and soon appeared the City Hotel, the Eureka House, the Planters’ House, the Gilmore House, and several other smaller boarding-houses in various parts of the town.
     Eureka Springs now had all the characteristics of a modern frontier town.  The first Gospel ever preached at the Springs was delivered by Rev. Phillip Clark, of the Christian Church, and the grove about the Basin Spring was the first temple.  
     Ministers of all denominations, and men of every political party, from the North and the South, from the East and the West, would attend the religious services, and the question, “What is he?” was not often asked to decide wether they would go to hear him.
     About November, the Annual Conference of the M. E. Church, South, sent a stationed minister in the person of Mr. Brooks.  He was an intelligent and very active young man, and was gladly welcomed in the society at Eureka.
     In the mean time, Messrs. Lloyd and Evans, the former from Missouri and the latter from Kansas, entered a tract of land about one-half mile north of the Spring, and on which was discovered the Iron Sulphur Springs.  They at once began to erect a large hotel, now known as the St. Charles, and to lay off a town.
     The people were determined not to recognize the rights of these gentlemen, and soon squatters’ claims became numerous, despite the swearing of Mr. Evans.  It was too aggravating, but it could not be “hoped.”  Mr. Evans was compelled to “let ‘em squat;” And the town was named Evansville.  Another large hotel, now the Southern, was erected a short distance from the Basin, by Mr. L. M. Rainey, of Springfield, Missouri.
     Immigration continued to flow, and by the 1st of February, 1880, we find a population of over a thousand souls, business-houses of nearly every class, large and commodious hotels in process of erection, many boarding-houses, affording fair accommodations for the visitors, professional men in nearly all callings in life — many of them strictly professional, professing what they were not — and, taking all in all, Spring beamed in reality upon s prosperous town in the wilderness.
     Several other Springs were discovered, and found to possess similar properties to the original Basin Spring.
     During the winter (1880), there were others who thought they saw a bonanza in the way of wholesale speculation in Eureka Springs – a mineral organization named the “Blue Springs Mining Company,” with William Conant (also owned over land stage) as President, and J. F. Owen, Secretary.  This company at once located mineral claims, covering all the Springs.  Now Eureka was claimed by two parties, the miners and the visionary “farmers,” besides the bona fide settlers, who claimed that they had the only right, and that the miners and homesteaders were alike impostors.
(3Groups = Settlers, Miners, and Homesteader/Farmers)
     Notice was given by the Register and Receiver at Harrison that they would, at a certain time, give a hearing to the contending parties, to decide who should be lord, of which we will speak later.

Chapter III
The City attracting general notice — its Progress.

     Until February, 1880, nothing was said relative to the rising young queen by any of the newspapers, excepting an occasional paragraph, reflecting ridicule on the Springs and their adherents, when The Advance, a live newspaper of Bentonville, Arkansas, published a description of the place, with many well authenticated and almost miraculous cures effected by the use of the water.  The substance of the same was soon published by the St. Louis and San Francisco Railroad Company, on a railroad map which was scattered and  broadcast throughout the land.
     Eureka Springs thus far was dependent on the generosity of neighboring newspapers to give publicity to the miraculous cures affected, and to proclaim the good news to the world.  But now appeared Mr. T. J. Hadley, a printer by profession, being inspired by the fame of the Springs so justly gained by the great cures effected, was prompted to become a resident and establish
A Newspaper
to assist in proclaiming to the world of afflicted mortals the joyful news that a panacea had in reality been discovered.  He established a neat six-column folio sheet, and named it The Echo.
     In a few days, all the exclamations of joy and gladness from relieved invalids, with all other important items relative to the new city, were echoed throughout the legth and breadth of the land.  Hundreds of Echo-es were sent by the visitors to their friends in every direction.  Mr. Hadley had all reasons to believe his experiment a success, from a financial as well as a philanthropic standpoint, and he was soon encouraged to publish a semi-weekly paper.
     This seemed to start a new era in the history of the Springs.  The world could now hear what was being done at the Mecca of invalids, and the wonderful cures effected there.  The news was echoed from hill top to hill top, and the valleys reverberated the glorious tidings of afflicted mortals made whole, giving a precious balm of hope to hundreds of almost hopeless invalids who were writhing in the agonies of disease, and who at once turned their footsteps in the direction of the fountain promising relief.
     By the first of April, (1880) the population was variously estimated at from 5,000 to 8,000 people.  All branches of industry were represented.  Wagons laden with provisions came from all points of the compass to feed the hungry mass.  The water never fails to produce relish for food, creating at all times an extraordinary demand for provisions.  The farmers for many miles around, found it profitable to trade at Eureka Springs.
     By this time we find the Rev. Mr. Brooks, of the M. E. Church, South, making arrangements for building a house of worship, he having previously organized a class.  The Conference of the M. E. Church sent the Rev. O.R. Brant to collect and feed their flock, and he too was busily engaged in bring about an organization.  The Rev. J. R. Chambers and others organized a Baptist Society; the Christian Church also was looking to an organization, while the Catholics were in the field looking to the interests of their church.
     Another very important enterprise was now fast building up.  Mr. J. S. Tibbs, of Missouri, appeared on the scene, and purchased the bath-house near the Spring, of Mr. T. Jackson and engaged in
Shipping Eureka Water
in all directions.  Daily mail routes and stages were now established between Eureka Springs and Springfield and Pierce City, connection with the St. Louis and San Francisco Railroad on the north; between Eureka Springs and Alma, via Fayetteville;  also direct from Ozark, connecting with the Ft. Smith and Little Rock Railroad, on the south; between Eureka Springs, Berryville, and Harrison on the east; and Bentonville on the west, giving first-class facilities for receiving and sending mail in all directions.

The Destruction of Timber

     Owing to the discovery of several springs, the city spread over about two sections of land, each spring having a town surrounding it, making Eureka Springs E Pluribus Unum, or several towns within a town.
     Lots were taken and improvements made around all the springs, and where a claim was laid, or where there was no claim, the same mania prevailed of stripping the ground of all its foliage.
     With the exception of a few small reservations around the Springs that were protected by the more sensible of the citizens, the hills and gulches were made bare by the axe of the pioneer woodman.  The stately pine, the strong oak, and the beautiful waving cedar, all had to bow to the same fate, and fall before the axe, Wielded by the strong arm of the wood man.  These men seemed to have no thought or care of the healthful influence of the timbers, or the beauty of the evergreen trees surrounding these blessed waters.
     The destruction continued until the first settlements have but few of the primitive trees to tell the sad story of the once happy forests.
     We imagine that if the Springs had had voices they would have cried out against this injudicious slaughter of young evergreen trees that had grown up, as it were, to protect them from the scorching sun, and afford shelter for the friendly visitors who came to share the hospitalities of the fountains.

The Incorporation and Election of Officers.

     On the 6th day of April, (1880) the general election day of the State for municipal elections, the officers of Eureka Springs were elected.
     Up to this time, the city had been governed, so far as it was governed at all, by the committee.  It seems that most of the people were a law unto themselves, and needed no restrictions.  It was remarkable how the multitude of people, a conglomerate mass of humanity, lived and huddled about the Springs, with so little confusion.  There was an occasional dispute concerning lots, but such disputes were generally settled by arbitration, or referred to the adjusting committee, or council.  In very few instances did ever any serious difficulties arise, and courts and lawyers were not in great demand.
     As the result of the election, Mr. E. Rosson, of Carroll County, Ark., was the choice for Mayor; G. F. Hattenhauer, for Recorder, with Jasper Hooker, R. R. Pace, George Beavers, W. H. Jones, and John Holden, as Town Council.
     The Mayor soon received his commission, the council was sworn in office, and the mill put into operation for the grinding out of ordinances.  The first steps of the Council was to appoint William Kimbrough as Marshal and P. H. Trone as City Attorney.
     The Mayor’s court presented an interesting appearance, and in many respects a very unpleasant one.  Mr. Trone served but a short time, when he resigned the office of Attorney, and Mr. Cordell was appointed in his stead.  Mr. Cordell soon followed the example of Mr. Trone, and the Council appointed H. Glitsch, of Harrison, Arkansas, who seemed to find the office both agreeable and profitable, and continues in office until the time of this writing.
     The question as to who was to be lord of the lands and springs, was a very important one, and has created much comment and agitation, disturbing the peace of the many of the citizens.
     The “farmers” who saw fortunes in the cultivation (?) of these gravelly hills, and miners who saw millions beneath (?) The surface, were now assembled at Harrison, vindicating their rights (!) Before the Register and Receiver of the U.S. Land Office.

The Townsite Company,
not having taken to enter into this contest, left the field to the two claimants so far as that hearing was concerned, but at an early date thereafter an application was filed for the land in favor of the townsite.
     Each of the two contending parties brought an abundance of testimony.  The farmers proving the adaptability of the soil for agricultural purposes, and the non-existence of mineral, while the miners proved the unadaptability of the soil for agriculture, and the existence of an abundance of mineral.
     C. J. Crump, of Harrison, was the leading attorney for the farmers, and Col. Benjamin, of Little Rock, for the miners.  They were both men of acknowledged ability, and left nothing unturned that might be in favor of their clients.
     The contest, or the taking of testimony, began early in May, and was closed in the latter part of June.  Though there had been a couple of adjournments in the meantime, many days were spent in taking testimony.  
     Analysis of Eureka Water

     Much had been said about Eureka Springs and nearly every man, woman and child in the land had heard of the cures wrought by the use of the waters, and of the city in the wilderness springing up as if by magic.  Reports were raised adverse to the rising city, claiming that all was a humbug; that the water was only ordinary; that there were other springs in Missouri equally as efficacious in the cure of disease; that the excitement would soon abate, and that an analysis had actually proven it to be the same as other water.  Some of the Missouri Springs water was sent to Prof. Waite, of the Rolla School of Mines, represented to be from Eureka Springs, and his analysis explains reports.  These reports soon brought about a true analysis of Eureka Springs water.
     We give space to the complete analysis by Potter & Riggs, of Washington University, St. Louis, and an extract from letter written by W. W. Johnson, a prominent physician of Eureka Springs.
     The water was taken from the noted Basin, immediately put in a clean carboy, sealed and shipped at once to St. Louis.  In each gallon of 231 cubic inches was found the following:
Chloride sodium,          0.19 grains,
Sulphate soda,          0.09 grains,
Bi-carbonate soda,          0.15 grains,
Sulphate Potash,          0.13 grains,
Bi-carbonate Lime,          0.47 grains,
Bi-carbonate magnesia,     4.43
Iron and alumina,          0.08
Silica                    0.31
Total Solids               5.85 grains

     Having given the history briefly of the resorts named, it is plain that our health resort has all the elements that are requisite to make it permanent and enduring.

     The analysis of the water, with dozens of certificates from physicians from all sources, finally
put a quieting on the cry of “humbug,” and Eureka Springs was placed in the list of permanent watering places, than which was no other so powerful to relieve suffering.

Chapter IV (pp 22-26)
The Spring and Summer of 1880

     Much had been said in the past, pro and con, by the journals of the land, and visitors who had “gone to see” generally reported favorably of the efficacy of “something that cures,” but could not attribute it wholly to the water.  Some supposed that it came from the power of imagination; and others wold attribute it to the pure air and change of surroundings.  But a decided and incontrovertible truth was established:  People did receive benefits and cures.  This was enough for the afflicted to know; they cared nothing about the “how” or “why” it cured.
     The writer, while living in Harrison, forty-five miles east, on the fall previous had a very severe attack of typho-malarial fever, and having gone to his field of labor, the school-room, before he had fully regained his physical powers, the labor was only a “drag” until spring, when he was compelled to resign his station.
     The new health resort was soon decided upon; and he went thither to see and test it for himself.
     After having traveled a seeming great distance over the hills and through the dense forests, the driver informed us that we were on the “Eureka Mountain.”  Here a splendid mountain breeze saluted us, and the pine trees were waving as if in welcome to those traveling beneath their foliage.
     The smooth road, the bracing atmosphere, and the vast scenery of the northern Arkansas hills and forests, caused us to forget that we were approaching the new Eldorado until the silence of the forest, was broken by the bustle of the busy throng below.  We had indeed reached the summit of the mountain just over the city.  The thought of having traveled for miles through a wilderness region, and all of a sudden emerging in full view of a city of 10,000 or 12,000 souls, clamoring on the hill-sides and in the gulches, naturally filled us with admiration.
     People coming into the city on their first approach dared not stop to think.  In spite of all that had been said, and the cures that had been effected, if a person stopped, looked over the scene, saw the hundreds of little houses going up, and the (so called) streets (paths) lined with people carrying pails and kegs of every description, going to the springs for water – the old, the young, the lame, the blind, the fat, the lean, the dyspeptic, and the dropsical – in short, people of all ages and diseases, all seemingly expecting to be made youthful and whole — the feeling, and frequently the expression: “What nonsense!” would force its way, wholly involuntary on his part.
     The writer was now at the fountain, and in spite of all, would think and doubt.  But he was going to test the water and “be convinced.”  It is needless to say that he was convinced most effectually.

There is Something in the Water

     In the “Echo,” in a few days is seen the notice: “Prof. Kalklosh is recovering from a ‘course’ of Eureka water.”  A “Course” it was, too.  Never since the Creator gave us being did we take a similar course.
     At that time, (May 1880), there were, in all probability, 2,000 houses, and as before stated, 10,000 or 12,000 souls at the health resort.  Only three streets, Main, or Mud, Spring and Mountain, were then known as thoroughfares, and dug out so that teams could travel safely when all went in the same direction: but when teams met, it invariably created inconvenience, as they frequently were compelled to “back” at times several rods to allow a passage, as the track was too narrow for more than one team at a time.
     The hills were dotted with houses.  These were principally small, and cheaply constructed.  Of rough plank.  Many of them were set on posts varying in length from two to ten feet on the lower side.
     Excavations were frequently dug in the hill-sides, making level foundations for the buildings.  In such cases, three-story houses were often built, and each story could be entered from the ground on the upper side.  A score of springs had been discovered, each having remedial properties similar to those of the Eureka Basin, or the first discovery.  The principal of these were the Harding, Johnson, Oil, and Dairy.  The Sulphur and Iron were also receiving much credit.
     People of all classes could be seen assembled at the Basin Spring.  Here could be seen an amusing spectacle.  No other place upon the continent ever was made up of a conglomerate, heterogeneous mass of humanity, as was this.  It seemed as if a cyclone had passed through all nations, taking up some of the natives and landing them at the Health Resort.
     We could see the Northern man, and the Southern man, the Eastern and the Western man, the Negro and the red man, the Mexican and the Canadian, and even the “Dutchman;” in short, men, women, and children of all persuasions of color, and castes of religion and politics, with all diseases, even down to hysterias, coming to the Fountain to receive the boon of health offered by the waters.
     Religion, nor any previous condition, is recognized in the social circles.  The Yankee and the Johnnie are fast friends.  The Baptist Elder and the Methodist Deacon drink out of the same fraternal jug, and feel glad.  Certainly there is no harm in drink – when it is Eureka water.  Everybody seemed to know everybody else; and if they did not know, an introduction was not necessary.
     All was sociability and kindness.  Upon meeting at the Springs, frequently the first word spoken was, “Where are you from?”  “What ails you?”  The second time they met, “How is your liver?”  “How is your rheumatism?” Etc., etc.
     The questions were always proptly and satisfactorily answered.  People seemed to take for granted that every one here was afflicted with some trouble common among the human family.  Offense was never meant and never taken as such by the parties addressed.
     Even a lady that would take exceptions to some one unsophisticated in the vice of etiquette, asking her age, would be considered as too fastidious for any use.
     Time passed swiftly, and with it continued the upward progress of the city in all its parts.  Hundreds of lots were taken, and their value was enhanced about one hundred per cent, in but a few months.  The different church organizations were busily engaged in arranging for the building of houses of worship.  The M.E. Church, South, had a building partly put up, and the (other) M.E. Church had a foundation on the ground.  A Mr. Holloman had erected a large opera-house, and Mr. Mattox a city hall, in which operas were regularly conducted.
     Dr. McCarthy, the fraudulent post-master, lost his commission, and was put under arrest by the U.S. authorities for improper handling of the mail, and Col. S.M. Pettigrew was appointed in his stead.
     The city was full of professional men of all professions, even down to the fortune-teller.  Every man that could use a hand-saw was a carpenter, and many who had possibly only read a patent medicine almanac were doctors.  There were first-class physicians here, but quacks in abundance.  The doctors were of all schools, even down to the “faith and snapping” practice.
     Visitors from all parts of the world were now here – men of high degree and men of low degree, men with capital and men without capital – and were alike impressed with the great health resort, and all agreed that it was a most wonderful phenomenon.
     In August, the chief officer of the city was found guilty of gross improprieties, and was impeached by the council.  Captain John Carroll, who was then acting Marshal, was appointed to fill the vacancy, and Mr. J.J. Kirk was appointed Marshal.  The City Council granted the right-of-way to a company to build street-car tracks in the principal streets, and gave the company two years to execute the terms of the agreement.
     The writer, who had conducted a Normal school at Harrison, Ark., was so well pleased with the promise at Eureka, that he decided to locate his school there.  But Alas!  The school went the way of all others at Eureka.  More remunerative employment presented itself, and the school-work was left to a Mr. Johnson, who was establishing the “Eureka Academy.”  This enterprise was soon a thing of the past.  Schools could not long survive in Eureka Springs.  The principal secret was only known by those trying the enterprise.  A teacher could not long afford to “labor for nothing and board him-self.”  His credit soon failed, and he was compelled to retire to find more lucrative employment.
     Messrs. Hinman & Co., from Girard, Kansas, came with a second printing apparatus.
     There were now two papers; the Echo, recently changed to a tri-weekly, and the Herald, a semi-weekly.  One would herald the good news throughout the land, while the other would echo the glad tidings of afflicted mortals made whole, until the sound reached the ends of the earth.
     One great source of annoyance has been, and is yet: parties who seem to have no thought or care for anybody but self, would encroach upon public reservations, and even build houses directly above the Springs on the hill-sides.
     This was not the only trouble.  The miners who had laid claims to the land, were developing their clams by sinking shafts in various parts of the city, frequently over and near the Springs, and they were petitioned to desist from digging where there was danger of inuring the springs, but without effect.
     As they were sinking a shaft above the Basin, they struck water.  Parties imagined that the water in the Basin was being cut off, which soon raised a large indignation meeting.  But what was already done must be remedied.  The cry, “Fill up the holes!” was imperative.  The crowd went to one shaft, ordered the workmen out, and filled it up; then to another and another, until all were filled.  This ended the sinking of miners’s shafts about the Springs.  
     Possibly the time of the highest tide of population during the year was in September or October, when the number of inhabitants was estimated at 15,000.
     Even up to this time, preaching could be heard out of doors in all quarters.  One Sabbath, as the writer was taking his accustomed walk, he heard four Preachers dispensing the gospel at the same time.  They were in different communities, but the sound of their voices was distinctly audible.
     The M.E. Church, M.E. Church, South, and the Catholic Church, each had their house of worchip in process of completion.  Church-building, however, was slow work in Eureka.

Chapter V
The Winter and Spring of 1880-1881

     The wheel of progress continued to roll with the passing seasons.  The St. Louis and San Francisco Railroad Company was now building a railroad through the western part ot Arkansas, connecting the north and the south parts of the State.  In the early part of the winter the road was completed as far as Seligman, Mo., within eighteen miles of Eureka Springs.  Instead of long travel of fifty miles from Pierce City, Mo., passengers could come to Seligman from the north, take the stage, and in about four or five hours be safely landed in the city.

     The same company set to work and soon after January 1st, 1881, a telegraph line was established, with an office in Eureka.
     The winter was an unusual one.  Never was the weather so severe and the winter so long s this, in the recollections of the oldest settlers in this latitude.
     Owing to the extreme cold weather but little building or improving was done during the winter.  And as the weather was more severe than people had anticipated many were not prepared to protect themselves from the cold, and in consequence, there was much suffering among the poorer class.
     In February, (1881) Mayor Carroll and Capt. Ingraham went to Washington to represent the city in favor of the town-site.  Testimony was taken at Eureka Springs to establish the existence of a village before the farmers or miners thought of speculation in Eureka real estate.  This, with all other testimony relative to the town-site interest, was sent to Washington for the consideration of the General Land Commissioner.
     Winter struggled long and hard; but finally the April sun melted his chilling power, and Spring, with all her accompanying beauties, dawned upon an appreciative people.  New life was awakened at the Fountain.   People now began to come in from all States and Provinces of North America.  An average of about fifty passengers came on the public conveyances daily.   Instead of the little community at the Basin Spring of nearly two years ago, there was now a city of possibly 15,000;  Main Street was about two miles in length, leading from the northern to the southern extremities of the city.  The part first surveyed was now almost a solid row of houses.
     After the inauguration of President Garfield a few changes in the U.S. officials followed as a natural result.  Col. Zeb Pettigrew, a Democrat, was succeeded in the Post-Office by Mr. T.M. Johnson.  In about eighteen months of the existence of the Eureka Springs Post-office, we find the third Postmaster.
     The time for the
Election of Municipal Officers
was again at hand.  The first Mayor was impeached, and had gone to parts unknown.  Four tickets were in the field, viz,: “People’s Ticket,” “Citizens’ Ticket,” “Town-site Ticket,” “Independent Ticket.”
     The principal contest was between the Citizens’ Ticket, headed with Dr. R.A. Reese, and the Town-site Ticket, with Captain John Carroll at its head.
     As a result, we find Carroll elected for Mayor; John J. Kirk, Marshal; F.A. Packard, Recorder; H. Glitxch, Cit Attorney; Bart. Moore, Treasurer; with J.S. Tibbs, J.G. Breeding, Zeb. Pettigrew, J.T. Gooding, and J.H. Pickett, as Concilmen.
     On the 8th of April (1881) the School Board assembled to devise plans for
City Public Schools
but nothing was agreed upon for lack of the proper funds.
     After the installment of the new municipal officers, steps were at once taken to raise more revenue.  Ordinances were passed taxing various kinds of enterprises for the privilege of transacting business in the corporate limits of the city.  A tax of one hundred dollars was imposed upon every practicing physician; fifty dollars upon every real estate agent and every attorney, and twenty-five dollars upon every art gallery.  The tax was in all cases to be paid annually in advance.
     The legality of such ordinances was much questioned and the City Council passed a resolution not to enforce them until they examined the State laws on that subject.
     They were declared illegal and void.
     About this time, John H. Cameron & Co. established the Bank of Eureka Springs, an institution much needed, and without which there had been great inconveniences in the monetary regulations of the young city.

Chapter VI
Places of Interest

     The city of Eureka Springs is a curiosity within itself.  The winding streets, the oddly-shaped houses set facing all points of the compass in tiers one above another on the hill-sides, and the many peculiar specimens of humanity going in lines to the Springs with their vessels for the pure, health-giving fluid, all interest the observing mind, and never fail to attract the attention of the visitors.
     The nearest place of interest is the hill east of the city, and sometimes called
“East Mountain”
     From its summit can be had a full view of the greater part of the city and a large scope of the surrounding hills, presenting a most beautiful landscape.
     To walk on a bright moonlight night, and admire the grandeur of the moon, located in the midst of an innumerable host of planets, each seemingly striving to shine with greater brilliancy than its neighbor, and all hanging as it were, in the immensity of space, a person naturally is filled with awe or reverence for Him by whose power came all their dazzling brightness; but when a person is on the hill and turns the eyes from the tens of thousands of cheering lights overhead, and looks in the direction of the city, he sees there, as it were, and attempt to imitate the heavens above;
The City in Full View
with its hundreds of houses, all illuminated by the lights of candles or lamps, creates a peculiar feeling in the mind of the observer, especially when he recollects the incentive to this “social gathering.”
     There he sees the lights illuminating the humble domiciles of hundreds of invalids – some rejoicing in their improved condition, others praying for relief, while still others, beyond a possibility of relief, bidding adieu to their friends and loved ones.
     But we must pass.  Other hills present similar views, though not so extensive.  In contrast with the external beauties, are the internal or subterranean wonders.  Many caves have already been discovered, and new discoveries are daily being made.
The “Stockton Cave,”

discovered by Mr. Stockton, is near the noted Oil Spring.
     Near this cave are two “cave-houses.”  The entrances being very large, are closed with boards, making very comfortable dwelling-places.  One of these has seven rooms, and is used as a boarding house.  Some of the rooms have rock floors, rock walls, and rock ceiling tops.
     On Keele’s Creek, south of the city, is
Hinkle’s Cave,
discovered a few years ago by Mr. Hinkle, while on a hunting expedition.  It has been explored to the distance of about 500 yards.
     About six miles from the city is found the
“Ocean Cave,”
but little is known of it, as it has only been in perfectly explored.
     North of the city, about one mile, is found the Massman cave; and about three miles below this, on the same road, is the
Eureka Grotto

     There are numerous caves that have not been fully explored, which we will call anonymous.
     On one of the hills, northeast of the city, fossils of shells, nuts, acorns, and various kinds of wood are found, and the hill has been named the Petrified Forest; here can also be found specimens of beautifully crystallized rocks of various colors.  About sixteen miles east of this is a large hill, covered with like specimens, and has received the elegant name of Crystal mountain.
     Many visitors go there, and return laden with its curiosities.  Another curiosity the visitor will find of interest, is the Rock house.  The “house,” like the one near Oil Spring, has a large entrance, closed with rough lumber set upright; it is about twelve feet high.  The cave serves as a dwelling-place for a family.

The Springs
     The Springs are the essential features of the city.  Upon them depends her life and growth in the future.  Through them has a wilderness been changed into the second city in the State in less than two years.  One was discovered at first and called Eureka – “I have found it.”  Through this discovery others were soon brought into notice.  It is the great central figure, and the others are as satellites.  It is sometimes called the Basin Spring, and is invariably the first resort for visitors.  The noted “Basin” is a smooth bowl cut in the rock, with a capacity of about three gallons.  The water comes out of the earth several feet above the bowl, and courses its way over the rock into the basin, where ready hands are employed in filling their vessels by the use of cups and dippers.
     This Spring is really headquarters.  If there is any one in the city you desire to find, if no other way, go to the Basin Spring, seat yourself comfortably, and await his coming.  He is most sure to be here in a short time.
     The second Spring in importance is the
so named from a Mr. Harding, the discoverer.  It affords nearly as much water as the Eureka, or Basin Spring, and the cures effected by its use are very numerous.
     Next to this in importance and beauty of location is the
Crescent Spring.
     This was so named from the crescent shaped rock near it.  Just below the Crescent is found the Little Oil, which is supposed to have an oily substance in it; and it has proven very effectual in several stubborn cases of constipation, when the others had failed.

The Sulphur and Iron
Springs, in the northern part of the town, are in reality the only Mineral Springs her.
     We would have the reader notice the difference between mineral and medicinal.  While most of the springs here possess medicinal properties, there are but few that possess mineral.  There is a peculiar, innate something that cures of which there is but little known.
     The Cold Water Spring, near the Iron and Sulphur, is supposed to be free from any unusual characteristic, and is used to counteract the too rigid action of the others in some cases of prostration

The Dairy Spring,
is so named because of the dairy-house near it.  This spring is fast coming into notice.  The fact of it having cured a rose cancer gives it prominence among the noted fountains.  To reach it you have to cross a large hill from the Harding and Eureka.
     Passing up Mountain Street, and winding in a southerly direction, turning finally to the right in a gravelly path, and going down, down, a steep, then steeper, yet steeper hill, you finally find yourself at the noted..
Johnson and Oil Springs
one so named from the imaginary oily nature of the water, the other from a Mr. Johnson, the discoverer.  These springs are near each other, and possibly have the same properties.  The Oil is said to possess great magnetic properties.  We have it from good authority, that if a knife be placed in the current of the stream as it comes from the earth, in short time it becomes a magnet.  We tried it with our old Barlow, but the experiment was not satisfactory.
     When at the Johnson and Oil, you can go to the Sycamore without scratching gravel, as they are on the same side of the hill.  This is a large stream of water coming out of the hill near a rugged sycamore tree, from which it received its name.  It is sometimes called the Laundry Spring, from the laundry established there.
     Going up the gulch from the Sycamore you reach the
Little Eureka and Arsenic Springs.
     Exactly why this was called Arsenic, we cannot say.  It certainly has no more indications of arsenic in solution than any of the others; and there is no question of their freedom from arsenic.
     At Arsenic Spring is one of the most romantic places in the entire vicinity.  When the visitor reaches the Spring he must take new courage.  The same hill that he descended at the Oil Spring must now be scaled, even at a steeper place than the downward path.  Up, up he goes, until a tree is reached against which to rest.  Several stations are necessary.  A sure foothold must also be taken; a slip of the foot might land a person at the starting point, after an extraordinary tumble.
     The citizens of South Eureka erected a kind of “water telegraph,” to convey the water from the spring to the top of the hill.
     Near the Oil has lately been discovered a new spring.  This, because of a moccasin-shaped basin near it, is called the Moccasin Spring.  Nothing is known of its properties.
     There are many other springs, of which but little is known, no doubt, possess similar properties to those already tested.  Should this be the case, the water supply is sufficient for the “healing of the nations.”

Chapter VII
Latest Observations

     The early part of the summer was a time of unusual interest in prosperity.  During the month of June, the increase in population was estimated at about one hundred and fifty souls per diem.
     On July 4th, (1881) the people had a grand jubilee, as, in addition to the national holiday, it was the second anniversary of the young city.
     Her growth has certainly been unprecedented in the history of modern cities.  Two years, ago, the Healing Fountain was in a secluded wilderness; visited only by the beasts of the forest and an occasional hunter; shut off from the full grandeur of the heavenly bodies by the dense growth of primitive trees; received only an occasional golden ray from the luminaries, as it beamed through the thick foliage and fell upon their sparkling faces, lending new luster and cheerfulness to the solitary and seemingly insignificant streamlets; in short, all the loneliness and loveliness of solitude was theirs; but now, in the short space of two years, all is changed.  The fountains are open to all above and around them, their fame has reached the ears of thousands, and they are bringing joy to hundreds of invalids.

A City of Possibly over 18,000 souls
has sprung up, and, as a watering-place, she stands among the first of her compeers in both the Old World and the New; hence, we see the quiet, secluded spot in the hills of Arkansas, in 1879, changed to a busy bustling city in 1881.
     The young queen is ready to administer

Health to All Nations
and to all people, irrespective of color, previous condition or state; her only command is to come, drink of her health-giving water, be restored to that which nature designs, and be happy.  As an inducement, she offers the life-giving, health-restoring and soul-reviving fluid, free of charge; as a recommendation, she points to scores of invalids who had writhed in all the bitter agonies of disease, and who now rejoice in the glories of returned health and vigor of true manhood and womanhood.  In testimony of the esteem in which she is held, the appreciation of the privileges granted the subjects of her domain, and the accompanying pleasures experienced by all who will but acquaint themselves with her Majesty’s kindness, she can point to the
Thousands of People
who enter her threshold to share her hospitalities.  As to her success in the future, she need only refer to her past history, as that which gave her fame will sustain her through all time.  As to her perpetuity, she can refer to the everlasting, the rock-ribbed hills, which, in all past ages, graciously sent forth copious streams of limpid water, which, from the natural economy of things, are as permanent as the hills and as constant as the revolutions of the earth.  As to her future – to what size she will grow, and when culminate, the
All-Wise Creator Only Knows.

     People can be seen from all points; from Maine to New Mexico, and Washington Territory to Florida; and but few of the civilized nations of the world have not a representative here, finding their way first to our Republic, thence to the great Health Center.  People from different parts of the world frequently meet after many years’ separation, having little thought of the pleasure of meeting their old comrades when they came.
     The city is divided into five school districts, in which are employed twelve teachers; besides these free schools, there are several private schools in successful operation.

are progressing rapidly; substantial structures are being erected in all parts of the city, taking the places of the original shanties and box-houses; the streets are beubg raded and widened in many parts of the city; alleys are opened, and the reservations cleared.

The Land Contest
is not yet fully adjusted.  A decision has been rendered by the General Land Commissioner, granting the right of entry to both the lode claimants and the town, and ordering the agricultural entries canceled.  An appeal has been taken by the agricultural party, and a hearing must be granted them.  There is but little doubt that the Secretary of the Interior will confirm the decision of the Land Commissioner; and at no distant day the land will be entered by the city and the Mineral Party.
     The sanitary condition of the city at present is all that we could wish.  Owing to the natural condition of Eureka Springs, in being hilly, and having gravelly soil, but little precaution will keep the city in a healthful condition.
     Changes have been made in the Echo and the Herald, the former having been changed to a semi-weekly, and the latter to a daily, in addition to the weekly and semi-weekly issues; so that Eureka Springs can boast of having one daily and two semi-weekly newspapers.  The Dispatch has come and gone, both daily and weekly, and the Register is published in its stead by C.P. & H.M. Cundict; it is a nest six-column-folio weekly, and is ably managed.
     People are coming and going; some cured and others not cured; some exercise patience and judgment; while others are impatient and indiscreet, and grow wholly forgetful of the care they should exercise over themselves in order to regain their lost health.
     We account for this in two ways:
1st.  We do not believe the water will cure every case.
2nd.  We know that there are many who come here expecting to be cured in a day or a week, take no care of themselves while here, and as a natural consequence disappointment soon overtakes them, and they leave and go the
Way of the Grumblers.

     We would impress our readers, not with the idea tha all human afflictions yield to the healing poere of the water, but that with proper care and perseverance there is a fair chance for most sufferers to find relief, hence, we would advise all invalids not to come here expecting to be restored to health and the bloom of youth in a few days; perchance, a few days or a few weeks will bring about a great change for the better, and as is frequently the case, effect an entire cure; or, that time may find them without any apparent benefit, and often months are necessary to bring about the same results that a few weeks did for others.

39     The stage route from Seligman has been very objectionable to many invalids, because of the roughness of the road.  We are glad to note that the road is being improved and a better class of stages put on the line; but what is better still, we have reasons to believe that in a few months a railroad will be constructed to Eureka Springs.
     Mr. Johnson, the newly appointed Postmaster under President Garfield, has shown himself unable to meet the emergencies of the office, and in answer to a petition of the people of Eureka Springs, Samuel Murphy, Esq., of Harrison, Ark., succeeds him.
     On August 16th, 1881, a charter was granted raising Eureka to a city of the second class; and on October 26th, a second charter was awarded her, which place her among the first-class cities of the State.  Among the Improvements, we also see some first-class buildings: Mr. Perry’s sixty-thousand -dollar hotel, and the elegant water depot and bath-house of the Eureka Water Company, each would do honor to any city.
     Another very important enterprise is that of the Eureka Springs Concentrating Company, lately originated by Col. J.R. Boyd, who now has Capt. W.W. Dillard associated with him, in the manufacture of soap and “eye-water.”
     We have attempted to give plain and practical statements relative to the merits and demerits of Eureka Springs, and sincerely hope we may be instrumental in bringing or showing the way of relief to some of our fellow-mortals in distress; and more in particular do we hope that we may be instrumental in removing some of the delusions into which so many have fallen, that, as the leper, all they have to do is to “dip seven times” and be cleansed.  To all such, we beg to say, banish the delusion, come to Eureka Springs, give the water “a fair count,” and the probability is, that after you have sought for health everywhere else in vain, you will go on your way rejoicing, and give vent to the ecstatic exclamation,

Questions and Answers
     In order to save parties interested in Eureka Springs, the trouble of writing and making inquiries, and the busy citizens at the Health Resort from writing long letters, as well as the frequent disappointment of the enquiries in not receiving prompt and full information, we will attempt to answer some of the many questions asked by correspondents.
Q.  What is the size of your city?
A.  This, December 1st, 1881, finds the city of Eureka Springs with a population of about 18,000, including visitors, and people are pouring in from all quarters.
Q.  What is the business outlook there?
A.  Business houses are keeping pace with the increasing population of the city and the general tone of society.  Many of our merchants are representing businesses that would reflect credit on older cities, both in quantity and quality of goods.
Q.  Is there a good opening for a lawyer?
A.  From the number of lawyers, doctors, and preachers that come here, there must be a good opening for them.  A first class professional man can doubtless do as well here as anywhere, but we doubt the propriety of exchanging a good practice for an uncertainty here.  But those that are here, are men of talent and learning.
Q.  What chance is there to obtain lots?
A.   There is a good chance for that; lots casn be had from $1 to $3,000, to suit the purchaser.
Q.  How do houses rent?
A.  Rent is generally high, but fair houses can be rented for temporary dwelling-places for four to ten dollars per month.
Q.  Does it cost much to live there?
A.  We see no difference between this and most other places.  Provisions are hauled here from miles aroujnd, which amply supplies the demand.
Q.  Who owns the Springs?
A.  By reading previous chapters in this book, you will learn the particulars of the ownership.  The Springs are free to the world.  There is nothing to pay for the great natural remedy, but to come and drink.
Q.  How is the Society?
A. All classes of society are found here; from the polished gentry to the most illiterate rustics; from the most pious Christian to the lowest inmates of houses of ill-fame, and from the greatest dandies to those of all mortals most slovenly.  Thus, yhou see, no one need be lonesome for want of proper associates.  We could add, that never in our travels did we see so many smutty children as in Eureka Springs.  But that being the case, there are many who are not smutty, and look as much the brighter because of the contrast.
Q.  How can we reach Eureka Springs?
A.  Visitors from the South can go to Ozark on the Fort Smith and Little Rock Railroad; thence by stage eighty-five miles to Eureka Springs – a twenty-four-hour stage drive.  A better way from the South, and the way from the North and East, is to go to St. Louis, take the St. Louis and San Francisco Railroad to Seligman, within eighteen miles, or a four-hour stage drive to Eureka Springs.
     From Texas and the Southwest, take the H. And T.C. to Denison, then the J.M.K. and T. to Vinita, and the St. L. and S.F. to Seligman.  From the West come to Wichita, Kansas; thence to Seligman and Eureka Springs.
     At St. Louis, stop at the St. James Hotel, and at Seligman accommodations may be found at the Eureka House.  Take Captain Davis’ stage-line at Seligman for Eureka Springs.  Upon your arrival, stop either at the Southern or the Metropolitan.

A Few Hints to Visitors

     We give the following programme for the benefit of visitors, as dictated to us by long experience in the ways of Eureka.  The visitor may or may not follow at his pleasure:
1.  Find a comfortable boarding-place.
2.  Visit the Basin and taste the water.
3. Purchase a walking-stick or Eureka cane.
4.  Go to the Bank and register your name; if modesty don’t forbid disease.
5.  Send some Eureka papers to your afflicted friends; or, what is better, a copy of our history.
6. Purchase a cup to carry in your pocket.
7.  Visit the several Springs, an don’t forget to drink from each.
8.  Do not try to see all in one day.
9.  Visit all places of interest, but —
10.  Don’t forget that there are places you should not visit.
11.  Should the water prostrate you, don’t get discouraged; prostration is a good symptom.
12.  In going to the caves, where your old clothes.
13.  Post yourself relative to the value of property before investing.
14.  When you purchase, be sure that you purchase from the proper owner.
15.  Do not “jump” a lot; there are too many unpleasantries connected with that style of speculation.
16.  Speak to everybody you see.
17.  Pay your board in advance.
18.  Ask no one for “time.”
19.  Beware of the confidence men.
20.  Go to church on Sundays –
21.  And drop an occasional dime for the preacher.
22.  When you go to the Post-office, wait patiently for your turn.
23.  Attend the invalids’ meetings.
24.  Do not condemn the Springs, if you are not cured.
25.  If you are an invalid, don’t forget it.
26.  If you are not an invalid, do not take fright and send for a physician, fearing death, when the water affects you.
27.  Visit and console the afflicted.
28.  Pity the poor with an occasional quarter.
29.  Enrich your cabinet with geological, botanical, and entomological specimens of various kinds.
30.  Do not leave until you get ready.
31.  Take with you some Eureka views.
32.  Order a Eureka paper sent to your address.

p.45 A New Revelation!
The Wonder of the Nineteenth Century!
All the Restorative Properties of the Celebrated “Fountains of Youth” in the Eureka Springs Concentrated Preparations.
     The Eureka Springs’ Concentrated Soap, guaranteed free from all animal matter or impurities, is made by a combination of the waters of the four great springs — the Indian Basin, the Oil, the Arsenic, and the Sulphur — which, by a scientific process of concentration known only to the inventors, are concentrated or reduced, retaining all the healing properties in the preparation.  The component elements of this preparation are in the highest degree medicinal, and act quickly and powerfully upon the system as a cleanser of all impurities, and as an eradicator of all cutaneous diseases.
     Try one cake, and you will never be without it.
     The Concentrated Eureka Springs Water, for the cure of cancer, sore eyes, dyspepsia, kidney diseases, such as diabetes, et., scrofula, catarrh, liver complaint, chronic constipation, piles, paralysis, ulcers, asthma, all skin diseases, and, n fact, nearly every class of chronic diseases the human family is heir to.

Left Side Border: Soap, Eye Water, and Hair Restorative.
Right Side Border: Eureka Springs Concentrated Water, in Barrels and Kegs.

Note:  Before arriving at Eureka Springs, Prof. Kalklosch was teaching school at Harrison, AR.

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